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Offshore In the UK: Analysing the use of Scottish Limited Partnerships in Corruption and Money Laundering


Based on joint research between TI-UK and Bellingcat, “Offshore in the UK” provides new insights into how money launderers are abusing Scottish Limited Partnerships (SLPs) – the UK’s own home-grown secrecy vehicle – to move billions of pounds of corrupt wealth around the world.

The report identifies how SLPs have become unusually popular in the last ten years, with a substantial proportion of them bearing the hallmarks of money laundering vehicles.

According to this new research:

  • 71 per cent of all SLPs registered in 2016 were controlled by anonymous companies based in secrecy jurisdictions, like Belize, Seychelles and Dominica – an opaque corporate structure which is a known indicator for money laundering risk.
  • 113 SLPs with similar secretive structures were used to launder between $20 billion and $80 billion between 2010 and 2014 as part of what has been called the ‘Global Laundromat’.
  • SLPs formed key parts of a $1billion raid on Moldovan banks, involving corrupt judges and officials, which cost the country around an eighth of its annual GDP.
  • Two SLPs are alleged to have helped facilitate illegal bribes to an Italian politician at the Council of Europe. These could be part of a much wider network of over 1,500 other UK legal entities with suspicious corporate structures.


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  • Report published: Jun 2017

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