Destabilising Impact of Corruption
Countries weak in government effectiveness, rule of law, and control of corruption have a 30 to 45 percent higher risk of civil war.
Source: US Aid, ‘Promoting Accountability & Transparency‘ (13/05/13)
In a survey of more than 7,600 people in Afghanistan, 52% of adult Afghans had to pay at least one bribe to a public official in 2009. On average, victims of bribery reported that they had to pay almost 5 kickbacks per year; a total of approximately US $2,490 million in bribes, which is equivalent to 23% of the country’s GDP.
Source: UNODC, ‘Corruption in Afghanistan: Bribery as reported by the victims’ (2010), pg. 9
The International Crisis Group warns that people are driven to become Islamic extremists by corruption in Russian province Dagestan, where a job with the police costs $3,000 a place in medical school $10,000.
Source: International Crisis Group
Out of 543 MPs in Lok Sabha 2009 162 MPs have pending criminal cases against them. Out of these 162 MPs, there are pending serious criminal cases against 76 MPs (14%).
Source: Association for Democratic Reform, Lok Sabha Election Watch 2009 pg. 39
The Centre for Global Financial Integrity estimates that illicit outflows from China due to mispricing from 2000-2008 averaged US $240 billion per year (on a total official export trade valued at US $1.428 trillion).
Source: Global Financial Integrity, Illicit Flows from Developing Countries: 2000-2009 Table 3, pg. 19
In Russia, the export of gas at a fraction of the world price to an intermediate company, which resold it to neighboring countries at a higher price, deprived the Russian economy of up to $50 billion per year from 2000 to 2008.
Source: Global Financial Integrity, Illicit Flows from Developing Countries: 2000-9 Washington DC, Table 8, pg. 56
In Indonesia, the value of timber cut illegally but traded on the world market has been as high as US $5 billion per year from 2000-2008.
Source: World Bank, ‘Combating Corruption in Indonesia’, Washington DC, (2004) pg.136
In the 8 years preceding 2012, 1,328 local mayors in Colombia were condemned on corruption charges. 472 were forced to step down from their mayoral posts.
Source: Reuters, ‘High hopes for Bogota’s new mayor to tackle corruption‘ 04/01/12
98% of crimes reportedly go unpunished in Mexico, where drug-related violence cost the lives of an estimated 40,000 people from 2006-2011.
Source: Monterrey Institute of Technology, Mexico (2010). Link
In Argentina and Mexico only 15% of the people believe that institutions will act effectively in cases of corruption.
Source: The World Justice Project, ‘Rule of Law Index‘ (2011) pgs. 41 79
It is estimated that between 40 and 75 percent of the Christian Democrat deputies between 1950 and 1992 were, to some extent, supported by the Cosa Nostra.
Source: Transparency International UK, ‘Organised crime corruption, and the vulnerability of defence and security forces‘ (2011), pg. 7
An earthquake in Turkey killed 11,000 people in 1999: over half of all structures failed to comply with building regulations.
Source: Transparency International, Global Corruption Report:Climate Change (2011) pg. xxxi
Four former Shanghai city officials have been jailed for corruption in connection with a fire in a high-rise block of flats that killed 58 people.
Source: BBC News, ‘Shanghai officials jailed over deadly high-rise fire’, (02/08/11)
A fire at a nursery killed 47 children in Mexico in 2009. The state-funded nursery was privately run by the wives of two top local officials and an influential resources-resources-businessman. It had passed federal safety tests only 10 days previously – despite allegedly not meeting necessary criteria.
Source: Transparency International webiste, True Stories, ‘Who is to blame?’